Study Guide

Field 091: Communication Arts (Secondary)
Sample Multiple-Choice Questions

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MEANING AND COMMUNICATION

Objective 001
Demonstrate an understanding of the integrated nature of the English language arts.

1. Recounting a story before an audience is most likely to enhance the speaker's listening skills by demonstrating:

  1. the way in which audience responses encourage a speaker and improve communication.
  2. the importance of creating in one's own imagination the subjective detail of the stories one hears.
  3. the way in which effective presentation of detail holds the audience's attention.
  4. the importance of empathy and respect for diverse experiences and uncommon points of view.
Answer
Correct Response: A.

Objective 002
Demonstrate an understanding of the social, cultural, and dynamic nature of verbal and nonverbal language.

2. Listeners make assumptions about speakers based on both verbal and nonverbal cues. A listener is most likely to rely on verbal cues in assessing which of the following speaker characteristics?

  1. knowledge and experience
  2. honesty and sincerity
  3. empathy and responsiveness
  4. power and influence
Answer
Correct Response: A.

Objective 003
Demonstrate familiarity with communication models (paradigms) and an awareness of the interdependence of their various components.

3. According to most communication paradigms, encoding occurs when a sender selects:

  1. the verbal and nonverbal signals that will express a message most meaningfully to a receiver.
  2. the vocabulary, gestures, tone, and speech rate that most accurately represent a message.
  3. the nonverbal signals that are most appropriate to a message, context, and receiver of the message.
  4. the mode of delivery that will transmit a message most quickly and efficiently to a receiver.
Answer
Correct Response: A.

Objective 004
Demonstrate an understanding of receptive roles in the communication process.

4. In interpersonal communication, the role of the receiver is to attend to and interpret verbal and nonverbal cues and to:

  1. be prepared to provide a response at any time.
  2. minimize the effects of screens on the communication.
  3. ensure that he or she can understand the message.
  4. provide appropriate feedback to the speaker.
Answer
Correct Response: D.

Objective 005
Demonstrate an understanding of the history and evolution of the media.

5. The invention of satellite technology initiated which of the following developments in communications?

  1. the global transmission of live television broadcasts
  2. the relay of microwave signals
  3. the conversion of data from analog to digital format
  4. the transfer of documents via facsimile machine
Answer
Correct Response: A.

LITERATURE AND UNDERSTANDING

Objective 006
Demonstrate an understanding of the distinct characteristics of the forms of oral, written, and visual literature.

6. Which of the following is the most important distinction between a news story and a personal narrative?

  1. A news story must be written in the third person.
  2. A personal narrative should reflect the writer's personality.
  3. A news story must be easily understood by a diverse audience.
  4. A personal narrative should not emphasize specific details.
Answer
Correct Response: B.

Objective 007
Demonstrate an understanding of the characteristics and functions of journalistic endeavors, performance art activities, and mass media.

7. Which of the following is a major characteristic of radio broadcasting?

  1. It does not require the use of satellite technology.
  2. It is not regulated by the federal government.
  3. It avoids the use of personalities to attract an audience.
  4. It tends to focus on specific-interest programming.
Answer
Correct Response: D.

Objective 008
Demonstrate an understanding of the roles and responsibilities of journalists.

8. The investigative reporting that revealed the 1972 Watergate scandal could best be described as an example of the news media's:

  1. sensationalist pursuit of provoca-tive and entertaining stories about public figures.
  2. role as a watchdog of government in informing readers of the actions of public leaders.
  3. basic purpose of recording events and issues of local, national, and world news.
  4. willingness to transgress concerns for privacy rights in the code of journalistic ethics.
Answer
Correct Response: B.

9. When acting as the journalistic gatekeeper, the student editorial board of a high school newspaper would most likely make which of the following topics an editorial priority?

  1. the school district's consideration of pay-to-play student involvement in all athletics
  2. the appointment of a graduate from the school to a position on the county commission
  3. reasons for the substantial increase in the number of nonviolent crimes committed in the area
  4. a strike at a factory that makes a brand of shoes that is popular among young adults
Answer
Correct Response: A.

Objective 009
Demonstrate knowledge of ethical issues and legal rights and responsibilities related to communication.

10. A magazine editor receives a call from a public official who is upset because a recent article in the magazine states that the official was once arrested on assault charges but does not include the information that the charges were dropped. The editor discovers that a paragraph that referred to the dropping of the charges was inadvertently cut during layout. Which of the following would be the best action for the editor to take at this point?

  1. Assign a reporter to write an article about the public official's complaint against the magazine, and include the missing information in the article.
  2. Call the public official to explain what happened and offer an apology but do not agree to admit any error in print that might compromise the magazine's credibility.
  3. Prepare for publication in the next issue a correction that admits the error and clearly states the missing information and inform the public official the apology will be printed.
  4. Point out the error in production to staff members but, since what was printed was factually correct, take no further action.
Answer
Correct Response: C.

GENRE AND CRAFT

Objective 010
Demonstrate an understanding of the purposes and conventions of various forms of communication.

11. Which of the following statements about the design of a magazine advertisement is most accurate?

  1. Either the product or the company logo should appear at the true center of the allocated space.
  2. An advertisement that is visually balanced will appeal most to the least adventurous consumers.
  3. Art used in an advertisement should represent an array of moods to appeal to diverse consumers.
  4. White space used effectively will attract the reader's eye to the product being advertised.
Answer
Correct Response: D.

Objective 011
Demonstrate an understanding of how expressive choices influence audience response.

12. A professor comes to class wearing a toga to present a lecture about politics in ancient Rome. This presentation strategy is most likely to be effective for:

  1. dramatizing the subject matter.
  2. establishing a connection with the audience.
  3. getting the attention of the audience.
  4. making the subject matter easy to understand.
Answer
Correct Response: C.

13. Which of the following would be the most effective format for a newspaper to use to communicate to voters information about issues involved in a proposed ballot item?

  1. a bulleted list organizing points of argument into lists detailing both sides of the issue
  2. a photo essay presenting images of the people and places that would be affected by the ballot item
  3. an interview with the individuals who initially proposed the ballot item
  4. statements by local residents on their views of the issue printed beneath their photographs
Answer
Correct Response: A.

Objective 012
Demonstrate an understanding of the characteristics of journalistic writing and style.

14. A feature writer begins a story with the following sentence: "The crowd in the auditorium moved their bodies to the sounds of the shaggy-haired musicians." This sentence is an example of which of the following types of lead?

  1. astonisher
  2. descriptive
  3. chronological
  4. anecdotal
Answer
Correct Response: B.

Objective 013
Demonstrate an understanding of how values determine the content and hierarchy of information in a message.

15. A touring theatre company is buying advertising time on local radio stations in areas where they will be performing their play in the next few weeks. The theatre company has two different advertisements for the play. The first advertisement describes the play as, "a raucous, sensuous look at the mating game," while the second describes it as, "a lighthearted look at the highs and lows of falling in love." The theatre company is most likely to decide which advertisement to play on a particular radio station based upon:

  1. the characteristics and values of the station's listeners.
  2. the format of the radio station.
  3. the overriding values of the general population in the area.
  4. the size of the listening audience.
Answer
Correct Response: A.

SKILLS AND PROCESSES

Objective 014
Demonstrate an understanding of the skills and processes necessary for effective communication.

16. In a small-group situation, which of the following steps should the listeners take to best ensure that a speaker's message is understood?

  1. providing the speaker with constant nonverbal feedback
  2. asking the speaker questions to clarify meaning
  3. conferring with each other to verify their impressions
  4. taking careful notes on the content of the speaker's message
Answer
Correct Response: B.

Objective 015
Demonstrate an understanding of the inquiry process and the resources appropriate for investigating particular questions or topics.

17. A high school student visits the school library to begin a research project into the political history of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Which of the following research sources is likely to be most productive?

  1. scholarly historical journals
  2. a database of news stories about the Democratic Republic of the Congo
  3. recent books about Central Africa
  4. the official Democratic Republic of the Congo Web site
Answer
Correct Response: B.

18. A journalist wants to conduct a fair and efficient interview of a local government official. The journalist could best prepare for the interview by:

  1. selecting simple, straightforward questions that can be answered yes or no.
  2. avoiding exposure to background material that might bias the journalist's questions.
  3. creating a comprehensive list of questions but planning to deviate from it as appropriate.
  4. identifying questions whose answers can be verified to confirm the interviewee's truthfulness.
Answer
Correct Response: C.

Objective 016
Demonstrate familiarity with principles for preparation, presentation, and evaluation of messages for print or nonprint texts.

19. A news editor has reviewed a story that he feels needs major rewriting. Which of the following is the most important reason why the editor should have the reporter who wrote the story rewrite it rather than rewriting it himself?

  1. to preserve the style of the original version
  2. to make the best use of editorial time
  3. to avoid the introduction of inaccuracies into the story
  4. to minimize the need to rewrite stories in the future
Answer
Correct Response: C.

Objective 017
Demonstrate an understanding of the requirements for administering interscholastic communication arts activities.

20. A high school debate team is planning to participate in a two-day tournament that will take place in a town 80 miles from the high school. In preparation for this trip, which of the following steps should the debate program's administrator take first?

  1. Ensure that all parental permission slips have been signed and collected.
  2. Complete a lesson plan for the substitute teacher.
  3. Secure approval for the trip from the school administration.
  4. Alert the local media about the students' participation in the event.
Answer
Correct Response: C.