Study Guide

Field 044: Physical Education
Sample Multiple-Choice Questions

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PHYSICAL ACTIVITY, FITNESS, AND HEALTH

Objective 002
Demonstrate knowledge of strategies for developing and maintaining a healthy level of cardiorespiratory endurance.

1. A student plans to exercise on a stationary cycle for 30 minutes in her target heart rate zone. Which of the following would be an appropriate cool-down routine for this activity?

  1. continuing to cycle at a much slower pace for about 5 minutes, followed by light stretching
  2. sitting still until the heart rate returns to its resting rate, followed by a slow-paced, 5-minute walk
  3. doing standing stretches for about 5 minutes, followed by about 5 minutes of floor stretches
  4. performing various strength exercises, such as push-ups and curl-ups, for about 5 minutes
Answer
Correct Response: A.

Objective 003
Demonstrate knowledge of strategies for developing and maintaining a healthy level of muscular strength and endurance.

2. In a strength development unit, a student bench presses 120 pounds of resistance for 3 sets of 8 repetitions each. After several workouts, the student is able to do more than 10 repetitions per set. To stimulate further muscular strength development, the student should:

  1. decrease the speed at which the repetitions are performed.
  2. increase the resistance by 15 or 20 pounds and do only one set of 10 repetitions.
  3. double the number of repetitions in each set.
  4. increase the resistance by 5 or 10 pounds and try to do 3 sets of 8 repetitions.
Answer
Correct Response: D.

Objective 005
Demonstrate knowledge of strategies for developing and maintaining a healthy level of body composition.

3. In body composition management, it is advisable to include resistance training as part of a weight reduction program because it:

  1. converts fat tissue into muscle tissue.
  2. burns more calories per unit time than aerobic training.
  3. helps prevent loss of lean body mass.
  4. decreases resting energy expenditure.
Answer
Correct Response: C.

MOVEMENT AND LIFELONG PHYSICAL ACTIVITIES

Objective 007
Demonstrate knowledge of basic principles related to fundamental motor skills.

4. Which of the following activities would be most useful in making an initial assessment of the body awareness and motor control skills possessed by students in an introductory gymnastics class?

  1. turning somersaults and cartwheels on the floor mats
  2. standing, walking, and hopping on a beam laid on the floor
  3. hanging and swinging from the parallel bars
  4. using the springboard to vault over the vaulting horse
Answer
Correct Response: B.

Objective 008
Demonstrate knowledge of methods for developing locomotor skills.

5. A seventh-grade physical education teacher wishes to evaluate students' locomotor skills at the beginning of the school year. In devising assessment strategies, the teacher should be aware that most students at this age:

  1. have not yet developed mature patterns for most basic locomotor skills.
  2. may not be able to perform more complex basic locomotor skills, such as skipping.
  3. can perform basic locomotor skills, but may have difficulty combining skills fluidly in variable settings.
  4. have difficulty performing basic locomotor skills that require balance, such as hopping on one foot.
Answer
Correct Response: C.

Objective 009
Demonstrate knowledge of methods for developing object control skills.

6. Which of the following is the primary advantage of using the inside of the foot rather than the toe of the foot in kicking a ball?

  1. The ball can be kicked more forcefully using the inside of the foot because larger leg muscles are used to swing the leg for the kick.
  2. The chance of suffering an injury to the foot is lower when the inside of the foot is used to kick the ball.
  3. Ball control is enhanced when kicking with the inside of the foot because a larger and flatter surface is used to contact the ball.
  4. The leg movements used when kicking with the inside of the foot are more easily incorporated into the running stride during games.
Answer
Correct Response: C.

Objective 010
Demonstrate knowledge of methods for developing postural nonlocomotor skills.

7. In an activity, students are instructed to run as fast as they can and stop as close as possible to a line on the floor. The teacher should stress which of the following techniques for maintaining balance when stopping?

  1. Lean backward slightly when stopping to shift the center of gravity towards the back of the base of support.
  2. Bend forward at the waist when stopping to lower the center of gravity so that it is closer to the base of support.
  3. Keep the legs wide apart when stopping to enlarge the base of support from side to side.
  4. Move the arms forward when stopping to move the center of gravity forward over the center of the base of support.
Answer
Correct Response: A.

Objective 011
Demonstrate knowledge of methods for developing rhythmic skills.

8. Which of the following would be the most effective technique for introducing group folk dancing to a ninth-grade class?

  1. Teach the students very simple dances at first, then add more difficult dances as the students' skills improve.
  2. Ask each student to practice the movements of the dance by themselves, then assign students to groups based on their level of skill.
  3. Break each dance into component steps and movements, then integrate these components into progressively longer sequences.
  4. Develop activities that teach students fundamental rhythmic skills, then incorporate these activities into the dance.
Answer
Correct Response: C.

GROWTH, DEVELOPMENT, AND LEARNING

Objective 014
Demonstrate knowledge of the organic structures of the human body.

9. In certain sports events, such as the 800-meter run, maximal exercise lasts for less than 3 minutes. In these types of activities, performance is limited primarily by the:

  1. level of maximum oxygen consumption (V̇DOTO2max).
  2. ability to buffer and remove excess lactic acid from the muscles.
  3. amount of glycogen stored within the muscles.
  4. ability to prevent a rise in body temperature.
Answer
Correct Response: B.

Objective 016
Demonstrate knowledge of how individuals grow and develop cognitively, socially, and emotionally.

10. A physical education teacher introduces a new game to eighth-grade students. The game has more complex rules and requires a higher level of physical skill than games that the class has previously played. At the end of the class period, most of the students seem markedly unenthusiastic about the new game. The most likely explanation for the students' lack of interest in the new game is that many children at this age are:

  1. reluctant to engage in strenuous physical activity.
  2. inclined to rebel against authority figures such as teachers.
  3. reluctant to try new and unfamiliar activities.
  4. sensitive to embarrassment caused by failing in front of their peers.
Answer
Correct Response: D.

Objective 017
Demonstrate knowledge of how students differ in their approaches to learning in a physical education setting.

11. A physical education teacher wishes to introduce a complex new game to a class. Which of the following teaching approaches would best accommodate differences in learning styles among students?

  1. Describe the game verbally to the class and allow time to repeat the instructions or answer questions from class members.
  2. Combine verbal instruction with diagrams on the chalkboard and a walk-through of the basic components of the game.
  3. Provide written instructions about the rules and strategies of the game and make suggestions to players during and after each game.
  4. Show a video of professional or college athletes playing a related sport and answer questions from the class when the video has ended.
Answer
Correct Response: B.

PLANNING, INSTRUCTION, AND ASSESSMENT

Objective 018
Demonstrate knowledge of instructional design and planning for physical education.

12. Which of the following is a characteristic of the sport education curriculum model?

  1. Practice of closed skills is considered more important than practice of open skills.
  2. Cognitive, social, and emotional skills development is emphasized over physical skill development.
  3. The choice of skills and when to teach them is based on individual readiness rather than age-group generalizations.
  4. Skills practice takes place in sequential, progressive, gamelike situations.
Answer
Correct Response: D.

Objective 019
Apply developmentally appropriate instructional strategies in a physical education setting.

13. A physical education class includes a few students who have slow reaction times or motor control difficulties. Which of the following modifications to a class volleyball game is likely to be most effective in promoting these students' active and successful participation?

  1. allowing an unlimited number of hits by a team before they hit the ball back over the net
  2. starting play by tossing, rather than serving, the ball
  3. having students play the same position throughout the game rather than rotating positions
  4. using a larger, more lightweight ball
Answer
Correct Response: D.

Objective 021
Demonstrate knowledge of formal and informal assessment strategies to evaluate the physical, cognitive, social, and emotional development of learners in a physical education setting.

14. When evaluating a norm-referenced psychomotor test for students that involves a significant strength and power component, it is most important to consider which of the following questions?

  1. Are age and gender differences taken into consideration?
  2. Is the norm group identical in composition to the population being tested?
  3. Are test administration procedures as flexible as possible?
  4. Does each test activity correspond to a different level of the psychomotor domain?
Answer
Correct Response: A.

MANAGEMENT, MOTIVATION, AND COMMUNICATION

Objective 022
Demonstrate knowledge of principles and methods of instructional management in a physical education setting.

15. Students in a physical education class have dispersed throughout the gym for independent practice of a skill. The most appropriate and effective way for the teacher to allocate attention during this type of activity would be to:

  1. proceed systematically from one student to the next, spending equal time with each.
  2. move constantly around the gym, briefly scanning the entire class on a frequent basis.
  3. remain in one location in the gym, allowing easy access for students with questions.
  4. survey the entire class initially, identifying the students who most require individual attention.
Answer
Correct Response: B.

Objective 023
Demonstrate knowledge of factors related to individual and group motivation in a physical education setting.

16. Students' intrinsic motivation is most likely to be enhanced by physical education activities that:

  1. provide opportunities for self-determination through choice.
  2. follow a familiar and predictable structure.
  3. encourage comparisons of performance among peers.
  4. consist of easily accomplished tasks that guarantee success.
Answer
Correct Response: A.

Objective 024
Demonstrate knowledge of positive personal and social traits that can be fostered within the context of physical activity.

17. Which of the following statements best describes the relationship between physical education and personal-social skills?

  1. These skills should be approached as any other skills in physical education and addressed directly in instruction.
  2. Students generally learn these skills at home and the role of physical education is to provide positive reinforcement for them.
  3. These skills should be secondary to developing students' motor skills and knowledge of fitness concepts in physical education.
  4. Students generally possess these skills and will demonstrate them in a supportive, developmentally appropriate environment.
Answer
Correct Response: A.

FOUNDATIONS, REFLECTION, AND PROFESSIONAL COLLABORATION

Objective 026
Demonstrate knowledge of the foundations of physical education.

18. The inclusion of physical education in the 1994 national educational reform document, Goals 2000: Educate America Act, had which of the following effects on the field?

  1. It mandated daily physical education or equivalent block scheduling in all publicly funded schools by the year 2002.
  2. It established a minimum requirement of 30 minutes of exercise every day for children and adolescents.
  3. It improved the status of the discipline by defining physical education as part of the core academic program.
  4. It ensured that public school physical education programs would implement uniform instruction based on the same curriculum goals.
Answer
Correct Response: C.

Objective 027
Demonstrate knowledge of the importance of physical education and fitness to students.

19. A physically educated person is best described as an individual who:

  1. participates in physical activity on a daily basis.
  2. understands the physiological basis of the effects of physical activity and inactivity on the body.
  3. knows the rules and regulations of a wide variety of sports.
  4. has the knowledge, skills, fitness, and attitudes necessary to lead a healthy lifestyle.
Answer
Correct Response: D.

Objective 029
Demonstrate knowledge of methods for developing professional relationships and reflecting on teaching practices.

20. A colleague observed a physical education teacher's class and recorded the number and types of interactions the teacher had with students. The teacher interacted more frequently with high-achieving boys than with other students. The teacher also provided more specific corrective information to the high-achieving boys, while the comments to the other students tended to be general words of encouragement. Receiving feedback such as this is likely to be advantageous to the teacher primarily because it:

  1. suggests specific strategies for improving instructional practice.
  2. prompts awareness of personal biases that may have a negative effect on student learning.
  3. gives a concrete measure of instructional effectiveness.
  4. provides insight into the students' perceptions of the teacher's performance.
Answer
Correct Response: B.