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Study Guide

Field 027: Russian
Language Structures

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Sample Directions for Language Structures

This section of the test consists of one exercise with three parts (Parts A, B, and C), each of which requires you to demonstrate your command of the structures and usage of the target language. Directions are provided before each part. Write your response to each part on one of the response sheets provided to you. Before you continue, please label your response sheets with the appropriate part labels as follows.

  1. "Language Structures: Part A"
  2. "Language Structures: Part B"
  3. "Language Structures: Part C"

You may use the erasable notebooklet to make notes, write an outline, or otherwise prepare your responses to the exercises. However, your final responses to the exercises must be written on the response sheets provided.

Your final responses must be scanned using the scanner provided at your workstation. Instructions for scanning your Response Sheets are available by clicking the "Scanning Help" button at the top of the screen.

Your responses will be evaluated on the basis of the following criteria.

Any time spent responding to the exercises, including scanning the response sheet(s), is part of your testing time. Monitor your time carefully. When your testing time expires, a pop-up message will appear on-screen indicating the conclusion of your test session. Only response sheets that are scanned before you end your test or before time has expired will be scored. Any response sheet that is not scanned before testing ends will NOT be scored.

Select the Next button to continue.

Sample Language Structures Exercise

Follow the directions for each of the three parts (Parts A, B, and C) below.

Part A (1–16)

Complete the passage by providing the correct forms of the Russian words given in parentheses.

Дыня

На (самаркандский базар) летом всегда большой выбор (великолепные дыни) . Тут (продавать/продать) дыни (самые разные сорта) : с (запах) груши, земляники, ванили; с розоватой, жёлтой или зелёной (мякоть) . Ближе к зиме (появиться) дыни-зарды, непревзойдённые по (вкус) . Они дозревают в (погреб) только к (февраль) . В (Азия) дыня всегда была в почёте, на втором месте после (хлеб) .

Enter to expand or collapse answer.Answer expanded
Note: This represents a sample correct response. Other variations may also be correct.
  1. самаркандском
  2. базаре
  3. великолепных
  4. дынь
  5. продают
  6. самых
  7. разных
  8. сортов
  9. запахами
  10. мякотью
  11. появляются
  12. вкусу
  13. погребе
  14. февралю
  15. Азии
  16. хлеба

Part B (17–20)

Rewrite each sentence below, transforming it according to the directions.

(17) Rewrite the following sentence in the present tense.

В Узбекистане и в соседних странах дыня являлась одним из основных продуктов питания и могла заменить семье обед в поле во время уборки урожая.

Enter to expand or collapse sample response.Sample response expanded
Note: This represents a sample correct response. Other variations may also be correct.

В Узбекистане и в соседних странах дыня является одним из основных продуктов питания и может заменить семье обед в поле во время убоки урожая.

(18) Rewrite the following sentence in the active voice.

На Востоке дыня воспевается поэтами в стихах.

Enter to expand or collapse sample response.Sample response expanded
Note: This represents a sample correct response. Other variations may also be correct.

Поэты на востоке воспевают дыню в стихах.

(19) Rewrite the following sentence using a participle instead of a который clause.

Старики верили, что узор на коре дыни — священные письмена, которые начертал сам Аллах.

Enter to expand or collapse sample response.Sample response expanded
Note: This represents a sample correct response. Other variations may also be correct.

Старики верили, что узор на коре дыни–священные письмена, начертанные самим Аллахом.

(20) Combine the following two sentences into one sentence that preserves the meaning of the original sentences.

Дыня могла даже заменять духи. Афганская девушка шла на свидание, держа в руке маленькую ароматную дыню.

Enter to expand or collapse sample response.Sample response expanded
Note: This represents a sample correct response. Other variations may also be correct.

Афганская девушка шла на свидание, держа в руке маленькую ароматную дыню, которая могла заменить ей духи.

Part C (21–24)

Rewrite each sentence below, correcting all errors and retaining the original meaning.

(21) Вырастить дыня в сухом жарком климате не просто, так как дыня не могут обойтись без воды.

(22) В прошлом узбекский крестьянин должный был платить за водой местному богачу, хозяину земли.

(23) Крестьяны Ферганской долины смогли находить для дыни бесплатную живую поилку.

(24) Они клались семя дыни в пенёк верблюжьей колючки, чьи длинные корни доставляли воду и пили малютку-дыню.

Enter to expand or collapse sample response.Sample response expanded
Note: This represents a sample correct response. Other variations may also be correct.

(21) Вырастить дыню в сухом жарком климате не просто, так как дыня не может обойтись без воды.

(22) В прошлом узбекский крестьянин должен был платить за воду местному богачу, хозяину земли.

(23) Крестьяне Ферганской долины могли находить для дыни бесплатную живую поилку.

(24) Они клали семя дыни в пенёк верблюжьей колючки, чьи длинные корни доставляли воду и поили малютку-дыню.

Performance Characteristics for the Language Structures Assignment

Grammar Part A (1–16)—supplying the grammatically correct term
Transformation Part B (17–20)—making a specified transformation
Correction Part C (21–24)—correcting errors

Note: Examinees will be scored on the number of grammatical items they handle successfully, out of a total of 24.

Scoring Scale for the Language Structures Assignments

The examinee's response for the item is correct if, and only if, it is described by the following:

Part Description of Correct Response
Part A
(Items 1–16)
Correct—the examinee's response is grammatically correct and appropriate within the context of the presented statement (i.e., the response satisfies all of the target language's rules of grammar demanded by the instructions and intended by the context of the statement).
Part B
(Items 17–20)
Correct—the examinee's response correctly transforms the sentence or passage as instructed (i.e., the response follows all applicable grammatical rules of the target language and accurately supplies a transformed word, phrase, or clause construction as directed).
Part C
(Items 21–24)
Correct—the examinee's response acceptably corrects the syntactic or linguistic errors found in the passage (i.e., the response has located and corrected the errors of language structure found within the passage and has retained the original meaning).

The examinee's response for the item is not correct if it is described by the following:

Part Description of Incorrect Response
Parts A, B, C
(Items 1–24)
Not correct—the examinee's response does not accurately follow the target language's rules of grammar or the response is incomplete.
Score Point Score Point Description
4 20 to 24 tasks handled correctly
3 15 to 19 tasks handled correctly
2 10 to 14 tasks handled correctly
1 0 to 9 tasks handled correctly
U Unscorable—the candidate's response is illegible.
B Blank—there is no response to the assignment.