Study Guide

Field 058: Physical or Other Health Impairment
Sample Multiple-Choice Questions

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UNDERSTANDING STUDENTS WITH PHYSICAL OR OTHER HEALTH IMPAIRMENTS

Objective 001
Understand typical and atypical human growth and development.

1. Which of the following families is using a disciplinary strategy that has been shown to promote children's development of responsible self-regulation?

  1. Family A, which employs coaxing and concrete rewards to encourage the children to obey family rules
  2. Family B, which explains the reasons for family rules and applies logical consequences for disobedience
  3. Family C, which achieves obedi-ence by emphasizing the power difference between parent and child
  4. Family D, which directs the children's attention to role models who show the desired level of obedience
Answer
Correct Response: B.

Objective 002
Understand characteristics of physical impairments.

2. A student who has dysphagia related to a physical impairment will require interventions targeted at promoting the student's:

  1. ability to swallow liquids and solids safely.
  2. ability to walk with an even and secure gate.
  3. use of adaptive equipment to hold writing utensils.
  4. use of an augmentative communication device.
Answer
Correct Response: A.

Objective 003
Understand characteristics of other health impairments.

3. Which of the following types of seizure is characterized by sudden falling to the ground, rigid muscle tone followed by muscular jerking, and shallow or temporarily suspended breathing?

  1. simple partial seizure
  2. generalized tonic-clonic seizure
  3. complex partial seizure
  4. absence seizure
Answer
Correct Response: B.

4. Teachers must employ universal precautions under which of the following circumstances?

  1. when administering first aid to a student with a cut
  2. when drinking from the students' drinking fountain
  3. when washing a student's hands after lunch
  4. when hugging a student who is upset
Answer
Correct Response: A.

Objective 004
Understand characteristics of traumatic brain injury.

5. Which of the following students would benefit the most from behavioral strategies involving systematic desensitization?

  1. Kara, who has a severe hearing loss and is easily frustrated when not included by peers in conversations
  2. Michael, who is returning to school following a traumatic brain injury and is easily distracted by environmental sights and sounds
  3. Erika, who is returning to school following a limb amputation and is learning to use a prosthesis
  4. Josh, who experiences frequent seizures due to epilepsy and often misses much of the teacher's instruction during class
Answer
Correct Response: B.

ASSESSING STUDENTS WITH PHYSICAL OR OTHER HEALTH IMPAIRMENTS AND DEVELOPING INDIVIDUALIZED PROGRAMS

Objective 006
Understand types and characteristics of various assessment instruments and methods.

6. A teacher of students with physical or other health impairments wishes to determine whether a student is ready to begin learning a new math concept. The teacher's best strategy for this purpose would be to conduct which of the following?

  1. a review of the student's math portfolio
  2. an informal diagnostic assessment
  3. a standardized achievement test
  4. an informal math interview
Answer
Correct Response: B.

Objective 007
Understand procedures for conducting assessments to address the individual strengths and needs of students with physical or other health impairments through the Evaluation Review process.

7. An elementary school student with cerebral palsy and a mild cognitive impairment uses a picture communica-tion board. The teacher of students with physical or other health impairments is most likely to administer a vocabulary test to this student in which of the following ways?

  1. allowing the student to communicate using word-prediction computer software
  2. adapting the student's communication board to include speech output
  3. providing the student with voice recognition software in order to respond to test items
  4. adapting the student's current communication board to include test content
Answer
Correct Response: D.

Objective 008
Understand procedures for interpreting and communicating assessment results to all stakeholders through the Multidisciplinary Evaluation Team (MET) process.

8. A teacher of students with physical or other health impairments is reviewing the school records of a new student with diabetes. The most recent medical report indicates that the student has needed in-school intervention for hypoglycemia. The teacher's best interpretation of this information for members of the student's team would be to explain that the student may need to be provided with frequent snacks to prevent:

  1. petit mal seizures.
  2. low blood sugar.
  3. allergic skin reactions.
  4. high blood pressure.
Answer
Correct Response: B.

Objective 009
Understand procedures for developing, implementing, monitoring, and amending Individualized Education Programs (IEPs) and other plans for students with physical or other health impairments.

9. Which of the following elements should be included in a middle school student's Present Level of Academic Achievement and Functional Performance?

  1. a recommendation regarding placement of the student in the least restrictive environment (LRE)
  2. a description of related services that will be provided to the student
  3. a statement of how the disability affects the student's progress in the general education curriculum
  4. a list of the student's goals related to post-secondary school activities
Answer
Correct Response: C.

Objective 010
Understand uses of ongoing assessment and evaluation in the education of students with physical or other health impairments.

10. Which of the following assessment practices would best help a teacher of students with physical or other health impairments monitor the academic progress of a student with multiple impairments?

  1. reviewing a portfolio of the student's work at the end of every month
  2. asking the student to offer a self-assessment every two weeks
  3. administering quizzes in the content areas at the end of every week
  4. documenting daily observations of the student in the classroom
Answer
Correct Response: D.

PROMOTING DEVELOPMENT AND LEARNING IN STUDENTS WITH PHYSICAL OR OTHER HEALTH IMPAIRMENTS

Objective 011
Understand strategies for designing and modifying the learning environment to meet the needs of students with physical or other health impairments.

11. When helping position a student who wears full-length leg braces in a chair, it is most important to stabilize the student's:

  1. pelvis.
  2. back.
  3. knees.
  4. neck.
Answer
Correct Response: A.

12. In a kindergarten setting, which of the following types of equipment would allow a student with limited hand function and mobility to independently use a battery-operated toy?

  1. an augmentative communication device
  2. an adapted keyboard
  3. a closed-caption television
  4. an adapted switch
Answer
Correct Response: D.

Objective 012
Understand strategies and procedures for managing the learning environment for students with physical or other health impairments.

13. A second-grade student uses a wheelchair. Which of the following strategies would best maximize the student's ability to participate in classroom activities?

  1. scheduling academic-related instruction in the morning
  2. assigning a one-on-one aide to assist with the wheelchair
  3. arranging for the student to sit as close as possible to the teacher's desk
  4. organizing the physical environment for accessibility
Answer
Correct Response: D.

Objective 014
Understand strategies for promoting the communication skills and social competence of students with physical or other health impairments.

14. A teacher of students with physical or other health impairments makes arrangements for students to have reg-ular interactions with adults with similar impairments who are leading independent, productive lives. Which of the following would likely be the most important role for such individuals to play in their interactions with students?

  1. serving as teachers of specific functional living or work-related skills
  2. serving as mentors to share their experiences and encourage students' development of self-determination and self-esteem
  3. serving as academic tutors in areas of the curriculum related to their own areas of expertise
  4. serving as advocates for students in their interactions with potential employers
Answer
Correct Response: B.

Objective 015
Understand strategies for promoting students' acquisition of functional living skills.

15. A teacher of high school students with physical or other health impairments wants to help students develop skills that will enable them to procure health-care and support providers during post-secondary transition. Which of the following would be the teacher's best strategy for promoting students' skills in this area?

  1. requesting that families begin having students make at least one phone call a week to obtain information of some kind
  2. giving each student a folder of generic scripts to follow when seeking to obtain various types of services or support
  3. arranging for students to meet with professionals from local agencies to discuss the issues and processes involved in obtaining such services
  4. providing students and their families with a comprehensive list of relevant local agencies and the services they offer
Answer
Correct Response: C.

Objective 016
Understand strategies and procedures for supporting transitions of students with physical or other health impairments.

16. A teacher of high school students with physical or other health impairments wants to help students develop skills that will enable them to take control of their own lives after leaving school. Which of the following would be the teacher's best strategy for achieving this objective?

  1. providing students with ongoing opportunities to practice self-assertiveness in authentic situations
  2. arranging for students to receive instruction in a wide variety of formal and informal settings
  3. encouraging students to increase their participation in school clubs and other extracurricular activities
  4. pairing each student with a buddy with whom to discuss future goals and ways to achieve them
Answer
Correct Response: A.

WORKING IN THE PROFESSIONAL ENVIRONMENT

Objective 017
Understanding strategies for communicating and collaborating with students with physical or other health impairments and their parents/guardians to help students achieve desired learning outcomes.

17. A teacher of students with physical or other health impairments will soon meet for the first time with the parents of a student whose cultural background differs from the teacher's. The teacher wants to ensure effective communication during the meeting. The teacher's best strategy in this regard would be to:

  1. contact the parents beforehand to ask if they would prefer to meet in a less formal setting than the school environment.
  2. plan to start the meeting by asking the parents to offer a brief summary of their child's educational history.
  3. contact the parents beforehand to express pleasure at the opportunity to meet them and inquire about any topics they would like to address.
  4. plan to start the meeting with a brief game-like activity to establish a comfortable, relaxed atmosphere.
Answer
Correct Response: C.

Objective 018
Understanding strategies for establishing partnerships with other school personnel and community agencies to enhance learning opportunities for students with physical or other health impairments.

18. A teacher of students with physical or other health impairments is planning to establish a program in which student volunteers act as peer supports for students with physical or other health impairments. A volunteer would likely require the greatest amount of training and adult guidance in order to perform which of the following tasks?

  1. taking notes for a student during a lesson
  2. manipulating materials based on a student's input
  3. gathering instructional materials for a student
  4. practicing a new concept or skill with a student
Answer
Correct Response: D.

Objective 019
Understanding the historical, social, and legal foundations of education for students with physical or other health impairments.

19. The parents/guardians of any student receiving special education have a legal right to:

  1. participate fully in the development of their child's individualized education program (IEP).
  2. specify the instructional approaches that will be used to teach their child.
  3. determine what constitutes the least restrictive environment (LRE) for their child.
  4. select the school personnel who will conduct evaluations of their child.
Answer
Correct Response: A.

Objective 020
Understanding the professional, ethical, and legal roles and responsibilities of the teacher of students with physical or other health impairments.

20. Which of the following is an ethical responsibility of a teacher in regard to the parents/guardians of students with physical or other health impairments?

  1. giving the parents/guardians daily briefings on the student's academic activities
  2. documenting any conversations at school with the parents/guardians
  3. providing the family's contact information to agencies that may be able to provide needed services
  4. maintaining the confidentiality of personal information
Answer
Correct Response: D.