Study Guide

Field 046: Dance
Sample Multiple-Choice Questions

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DANCE ELEMENTS AND SKILLS

Objective 001
Understand elements and concepts common to dance.

1. As part of an improvisational exercise, a dancer repeats a movement sequence three times, varying the movement quality from percussive to sustained to vibratory. In making these changes, the dancer is exploring:

  1. dynamics.
  2. use of space.
  3. shapes.
  4. variations in time.
Answer
Correct Response: A.

Objective 002
Understand fundamental skills, techniques, and concepts of modern dance.

2. The timing of movement in the modern dance technique developed by Martha Graham is closely connected to a dancer's:

  1. breathing cycle.
  2. center of gravity.
  3. pulse rate.
  4. distribution of tension.
Answer
Correct Response: A.

3. Use the description of a modern dance movement sequence below to answer the question that follows.

  1. From first position, the dancer steps forward onto one foot raising the arms forward and overhead, while lifting the other foot and leg to the turned out, passé position.
  2. Contracting the torso, the dancer swings the arms backward, while bending the supporting leg and reaching for the floor.
  3. The dancer places the elevated foot in back to provide a strong base of support.
  4. The dancer gradually lowers the body to the floor and uncurls to the supine position with the arms extended overhead.

The movement sequence described above is known as a:

  1. back fall.
  2. tour jeté.
  3. pitch fall.
  4. glissade.
Answer
Correct Response: A.

Objective 003
Understand fundamental skills, techniques, and concepts of jazz dance.

4. Which of the following best describes the style of movement used in lyrical jazz dance?

  1. upright and flowing
  2. angular and disjointed
  3. athletic and grounded
  4. balanced and mechanical
Answer
Correct Response: A.

Objective 004
Understand fundamental skills, techniques, and concepts of ballet.

5. In ballet, the term allegro is used to refer to movements that are:

  1. brisk and lively.
  2. large and buoyant.
  3. soft and deliberate.
  4. harsh and rigid.
Answer
Correct Response: A.

Objective 005
Understand fundamental skills, techniques, and concepts of tap dance.

6. Which of the following best describes "trading fours" in tap dance?

  1. Four dancers execute a routine in a square formation, rotating so that each dancer performs a sequence at the front of the square.
  2. A dancer performs four measures, then uses a movement flourish to give the floor to the next dancer.
  3. Dancers create syncopations during alternating measures of music to develop variations on basic four-beat patterns.
  4. A dancer generates an even rhythm through striking once with each of the four taps on the toes and heels.
Answer
Correct Response: B.

Objective 006
Understand fundamental skills, techniques, and concepts of ethnic (world) dance.

7. Use the description of a world dance below to answer the question that follows.

The dance is energetic and performed in a closed circle with dancers facing the center and holding hands. Though there are many variations of this dance, in a typical version, dancers raise their arms as they move into the center and lower their arms as they move back to the full circle; then they run or grapevine counterclockwise around the circle for eight beats, ending with a kick or hop before repeating the pattern.

The paragraph above best describes which of the following world dances?

  1. the debka
  2. varsouvienne
  3. corrido
  4. the hora
Answer
Correct Response: D.

Objective 007
Understand fundamental skills, techniques, and concepts of social dance.

8. The Latin-American dance style characteristic of the rumba and cha-cha is most distinguished from the Euro-American style characteristic of the fox-trot and waltz by the use of:

  1. a lower center of gravity in the Euro-American style.
  2. the knees to create a rolling motion through the hips in the Latin-American style.
  3. arm movements to complement body movement in the Euro-American style.
  4. the arms and torso to create a frame between partners in the Latin-American style.
Answer
Correct Response: B.

DANCE CREATION, PRODUCTION, AND ANALYSIS

Objective 008
Understand and analyze the basic principles of movement.

9. Use the drawing of a dancer in modern dance front layout position below to answer the question that follows.

drawing of a dancer

The drawing shows a dancer as seen from the front. He stands on his right leg with his torso horizontal, face looking down, and arms extended horizontally to each side. His left leg extends out to his left, with his foot somewhat above the level of his torso.

To raise his leg to the position shown above, the dancer has made which of the following movements at his hip?

  1. abduction
  2. rotation
  3. adduction
  4. hyperflexion
Answer
Correct Response: A.

Objective 009
Understand choreographic principles and processes.

10. Which of the following best describes a general choreographic principle commonly used in the development of movement phrases for a section of a dance work?

  1. Each phrase should be unique in form and in the movements included.
  2. The phrases should be varied in their length and use of the elements of dance.
  3. All phrases should employ the same dynamic structure of dance.
  4. The phrases should all comprise the same number of beats of music.
Answer
Correct Response: B.

Objective 010
Understand choreographic forms and structures.

11. Which of the following best describes the use of a canon as a choreographic device?

  1. two dancers presenting opposing themes
  2. a group of dancers exploring variations on a single theme
  3. one dancer switching back and forth between two themes
  4. successive dancers repeating a single theme
Answer
Correct Response: D.

12. A choreographer is most likely to use nonliteral choreography in a dance work for which of the following purposes?

  1. to convey meaning through abstraction and symbolism
  2. to experiment with design and manipulation of movement
  3. to relate a story through pantomime and mimicry
  4. to express a moral perspective or emotion without narrative content
Answer
Correct Response: B.

Objective 011
Understand basic principles of dance performance and production.

13. In dance performances, side lighting is frequently used in addition to front and overhead lighting for the purpose of:

  1. minimizing light glare in dancers' eyes.
  2. maintaining the three-dimensional appearance of dancers' bodies.
  3. highlighting the movement of individual dancers.
  4. creating even illumination with uniform color over the entire stage.
Answer
Correct Response: B.

Objective 012
Understand dance forms and styles from a variety of historical and cultural contexts.

14. Which of the following is an example of a dance activity that functions as a form of social affirmation and expression of group identity?

  1. A Yoruba priestess chants and dances until she is in a trance that permits the gods to communicate through her body.
  2. A neighborhood community center offers a program of social dancing open to all neighborhood residents.
  3. Members of a Mexican community continue to participate in folkloric dances and teach them to their children.
  4. A Bharata Natyan dancer performs an interpretation of classical Indian poetry in a public theater in India.
Answer
Correct Response: C.

Objective 013
Understand basic principles of dance analysis and criticism.

15. Use the description of a modern dance work below to answer the question that follows.

All the movement in this work takes place within three adjacent squares on the floor. The movement in each section of the work occurs in one square and is then repeated in the next square with variations in pattern and focus, while a new section is introduced in the first square. In this way, new sections are introduced and progress from square to square to the completion of the work.

Which of the following choreographic devices is an important aspect of the choreography in the work described above?

  1. changing dynamics of movement
  2. the manipulation of tempo
  3. the use of space
  4. exploring movement shapes
Answer
Correct Response: C.

DANCE EDUCATION

Objective 014
Understand the foundations of dance education.

16. Bird Larson's approach to dance education in the early twentieth century, known as natural rhythmic expression, introduced which of the following to public school dance education?

  1. methods for integrating dance with learning in other subject areas through use of kinesthetic intelligence
  2. a scientific approach to movement based on knowledge of anatomy, kinesiology, and physiology
  3. strategies for teaching creative self-expression that built on unstructured movement and students' interests
  4. an understanding of the important role sensory perception plays in promoting cognitive development
Answer
Correct Response: B.

Objective 015
Understand the development and implementation of curricula and instructional and assessment strategies for dance education in a school setting.

17. A significant benefit of using an analytic rubric as a form of assessment for dance activities is that it can be used to:

  1. provide students with a clear understanding of what is expected of them.
  2. enable the teacher to examine representative examples of different aspects of a student's work.
  3. facilitate comparison of a student's progress with districtwide learning norms for the area of study.
  4. assess the thought processes students use in learning and problem solving.
Answer
Correct Response: A.

Objective 016
Understand ways to integrate dance education knowledge and skills with other disciplines.

18. While conducting a brainstorming session with a group of students to develop choreography for a dance work, a teacher can best encourage students' development of metacognitive skills by:

  1. providing physical demonstrations of possible movement sequences.
  2. thinking aloud and explaining his or her thinking processes.
  3. speaking only to clarify or reinforce students' ideas and suggestions.
  4. having students record each other's movement ideas using Labanotation.
Answer
Correct Response: B.

Objective 017
Understand activities and movement science practices that promote health, safety, and injury prevention in dance.

19. Which of the following is the cause of the greatest number of injuries suffered by dance students?

  1. sudden impacts and strains
  2. overuse of muscles during intensive training or dance activities
  3. lack of muscle strength
  4. repeatedly performing movement with incorrect technique
Answer
Correct Response: D.

Objective 018
Understand key knowledge, skills, and strategies required of the professional dance educator.

20. Which of the following would be the most effective strategy for encouraging community support for a public school dance program?

  1. contacting local media to publicize student dance programs and invite the public
  2. organizing fund-raising projects such as magazine and bake sales in public locations
  3. encouraging students to speak with family and friends about their interest in studying dance
  4. writing a letter to the editor of the local newspaper explaining the benefits of dance education
Answer
Correct Response: A.