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Study Guide

Field 027: Russian
Sample Multiple-Choice Questions

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Sample Directions for Multiple-Choice Questions

This section of the test consists of multiple-choice questions. Each multiple-choice question has four answer choices. Read each question and answer choice carefully and choose the ONE best answer. Try to answer all questions. In general, if you have some knowledge about a question, it is better to try to answer it. You will NOT be penalized for guessing.

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CULTURAL UNDERSTANDING, COMPARISONS, AND CONNECTIONS

Objective 007
Understand the products and perspectives of Russian-speaking cultures.

1. The Russian literary figure of the лишний человек emerged as an outcome of which of the following historical events?

  1. the 1722 creation of the Table of Ranks
  2. the 1785 decree freeing the nobility from state service
  3. the 1812 victory against the Napoleonic invasion
  4. the 1861 emancipation of the serfs
Enter to expand or collapse answer.Answer expanded
Correct Response: B.

2. The луковичные главы of Russian Orthodox churches most strongly reflect the architectural influence of which of the following cultures?

  1. Byzantine
  2. Roman
  3. Mongol
  4. Greek
Enter to expand or collapse answer.Answer expanded
Correct Response: A.

3. Which of the following statements best describes the cultural significance of icons in the historical development of medieval Russia?

  1. The expansion of icon painting as an art form led to advances in representational painting techniques and the rise of the individual artist as a cultural figure.
  2. Icons developed as an underground school of religious art that strengthened church and state resistance against Mongol rule.
  3. Icons were viewed as direct links to the divine and allowed for the spread of religious belief and knowledge throughout a primarily illiterate population.
  4. As only the richest families could afford to display icons in their homes, icons became indicative of the growing disparity between the classes.
Enter to expand or collapse answer.Answer expanded
Correct Response: C.

Objective 008
Understand the practices (e.g., political and economic practices, practices of daily life and communication) and perspectives of Russian-speaking cultures.

4. In Russia, it would be most culturally appropriate for guests arriving at a friend's apartment for a party to:

  1. shake hands with the host across the threshold of the doorway before entering the apartment.
  2. decline any food or drink until the host has offered it to them for the third time.
  3. compliment their host on the apartment and ask to be taken on a tour of its rooms.
  4. remove their street shoes and put on pairs of house slippers provided by their host.
Enter to expand or collapse answer.Answer expanded
Correct Response: D.

5. The Russian cultural practice of за столом reflects the value that Russian culture places on:

  1. respect for authority.
  2. open relationships with friends and family.
  3. individual freedom.
  4. diligence and devotion to study and work.
Enter to expand or collapse answer.Answer expanded
Correct Response: B.

LANGUAGE ACQUISITION, INSTRUCTION, AND ASSESSMENT

Objective 009
Understand processes of language acquisition.

6. Which of the following best describes an affective factor that might have a negative impact on a student's acquisition of a new language?

  1. The society in which the student lives places a low value on the target language and cultures in which it is spoken.
  2. The sound system of the student's first language is very different from the sound system of the target language.
  3. The student has difficulty retaining new information, such as target language vocabulary words, in long-term memory.
  4. The target language class in which the student is enrolled is conducted primarily in the student's first language.
Enter to expand or collapse answer.Answer expanded
Correct Response: A.

Objective 010
Understand principles and practices of instruction in the language classroom.

7. A middle school Russian teacher learns that four heritage speakers will be enrolled in her upcoming beginning-level Russian class. In considering instructional approaches for this class, it is most important for the teacher to keep in mind that the heritage speakers:

  1. may be overqualified to be in a beginning-level class and will require supplemental activities from the first day.
  2. come from diverse cultural backgrounds and can have varying oral proficiency and literacy skills in Russian.
  3. may be teacher's aides that can be called upon to model Russian pronunciation and usage for non-heritage learners in the class.
  4. will make the best progress if they work by themselves in a mini-group rather than work with the class as a whole.
Enter to expand or collapse answer.Answer expanded
Correct Response: B.

Objective 011
Understand the integration of standards into language curriculum and instruction.

8. When designing instruction that reflects the goals of the national K–12 Standards for Foreign Language Learning, it is most important for a Russian teacher to keep in mind that:

  1. students' needs and interests should guide the choice of which standards should be emphasized in any given class.
  2. the interpretive mode of the communication standard should take precedence over the interpersonal and presentational modes.
  3. instruction of the culture, connections, comparisons, and communities standards should be embedded within the study of the language.
  4. students' mastery of each of the standards should be measured against the progress indicators given for their grade level.
Enter to expand or collapse answer.Answer expanded
Correct Response: C.

Objective 012
Understand principles and practices of assessment in the language classroom.

9. A high school Russian teacher asks students to assemble a portfolio of their homework, projects, assignments, journal entries, audio- and videotapes, and other work that they completed during a particular grading period. The teacher then schedules individual conferences with students to review and discuss their portfolios and to plan future focal points in their language learning. Which of the following best describes the primary benefit of this assessment approach?

  1. It furthers students' critical thinking and develops their autonomy as learners.
  2. It provides benchmarks for determining the teacher's goals and objectives.
  3. It gives the teacher appropriate feedback for her own professional growth.
  4. It yields objective, quantitative data for impartial student evaluation.
Enter to expand or collapse answer.Answer expanded
Correct Response: A.

Objective 013
Understand the role of a teacher as a professional.

10. A new Russian teacher is looking for information about instructional strategies for teaching students with various special needs in the language classroom. The teacher will have a few gifted/talented students and a few students with language or learning disorders in the general classroom population. The teacher could best prepare for these students by consulting which of the following resources?

  1. professional journals about language teaching
  2. a teacher who is serving as a mentor at the school
  3. school specialists who work with special populations
  4. pedagogy texts from the school's teaching library
Enter to expand or collapse answer.Answer expanded
Correct Response: C.