Study Guide

Field 003: Journalism
Sample Multiple-Choice Questions

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MASS MEDIA AND COMMUNICATION

Objective 001
Understand the history and evolution of mass media.

1. The development of satellite technology in the 1960s affected journalism most significantly by:

  1. expanding the amount of television broadcast time that was devoted to news.
  2. increasing the number of news-oriented television broadcast and cable channels.
  3. providing reporters with greater access to research materials for their news stories.
  4. facilitating live broadcasts of televised news reports from around the world.
Answer
Correct Response: D.

Objective 002
Understand the functions, limitations, and influence of media and journalists.

2. For a thirty-minute local broadcast, a television news editor has a fixed amount of time set aside for commer-cials and a large number of news stories. Within these constraints, the editor's first responsibility is to:

  1. balance local, regional, national, and international news coverage.
  2. select the stories that are the most important and interesting to the local audience.
  3. provide an appropriate balance of hard news stories and human interest reporting.
  4. give equal news coverage to various groups within the community.
Answer
Correct Response: B.

Objective 003
Analyze ethical issues and legal rights and responsibilities related to media.

3. Which of the following situations could a journalism teacher cite to students as an example of plagiarism?

  1. A teacher photocopies two chapters from a book, gives them to students, and makes them required reading.
  2. A reviewer uses lengthy quotes from a book to illustrate several points of criticism in a review of the work.
  3. A student copies a paragraph from a magazine article, inserts it into a report, and passes it off as his own writing.
  4. A musician uses a piece of music for a paid performance without obtaining the permission of the composer.
Answer
Correct Response: C.

Objective 004
Identify career opportunities in mass media.

4. To create the most effective portfolio of work samples, a student who wants to pursue a career as a writer or editor should be advised to select writings that represent his or her best efforts and:

  1. feature interesting topics.
  2. reveal a unique writing style.
  3. show editors' revisions.
  4. display versatility in writing.
Answer
Correct Response: D.

WRITING, EDITING, AND REPORTING

Objective 005
Understand forms of writing for print and broadcast journalism.

5. Which of the following leads is written in a style that is appropriate for broadcast news?

  1. The president of a local bank was taken into police custody yesterday afternoon.
  2. Terry Jones, the president of First Savings Bank, was arrested yesterday and charged with three counts of embezzlement and a separate fraud charge.
  3. Seeing Terry Jones in handcuffs was a shock for people at First Savings Bank yesterday.
  4. Yesterday afternoon police arrested Terry Jones, longtime president of First Savings Bank, on a variety of charges related to a failed business venture.
Answer
Correct Response: A.

Objective 006
Understand techniques of writing for print and broadcast journalism.

6. A council of leading economists releases the results of a study on changes in the cost of living in Michigan. To write an effective article about the study for a small-town newspaper, a reporter would most likely:

  1. request that one of the council's economists forecast future changes in the cost of living.
  2. determine how changes in the cost of living have affected the newspaper's readers.
  3. ask local business leaders to explain why the cost of living has changed for their customers.
  4. investigate whether the government has any plans to reduce the cost of living.
Answer
Correct Response: B.

Objective 007
Apply elements of journalistic style and editing skills.

7. An editor checking a story for use of the passive voice would be most likely to revise which of the following sentences?

  1. He would have accepted any position that allowed him to work in the city.
  2. The request for further information was denied by the committee.
  3. Several students are tutoring younger children in the after-school program.
  4. The girl was concerned about the amount of money spent on the project.
Answer
Correct Response: B.

8. Which of the following sentences needs to be revised to correct a grammatical error?

  1. While hiking through the forest, one of the campers sprained his ankle.
  2. There will be additional copies of the textbook available next week.
  3. It rained for an hour each morning, but all of the clouds vanished by noon.
  4. My self-defense instructor saw my sister and I at the grocery store.
Answer
Correct Response: D.

Objective 008
Understand the news values that influence media decisions.

9. The news media's primary responsibility to its audience is to provide truthful and accurate information in support of:

  1. the public's need to know about international affairs.
  2. the connections and commonalities that maintain national unity.
  3. the public's right to know about events of interest and importance.
  4. the principles and values that reflect community standards.
Answer
Correct Response: C.

Objective 009
Understand research sources and technologies.

10. A student journalist gets an eyewitness account of a physical altercation that occurred following a high school tennis match. When assessing the credibility of the eyewitness, which of the following questions should the student journalist consider first?

  1. What level of self-interest does the eyewitness have in telling the story?
  2. How willing is the eyewitness to repeat the account to authorities?
  3. Does the eyewitness focus blame for the altercation on one person?
  4. Are the friends of the eyewitness considered reliable people?
Answer
Correct Response: A.

11. A reporter is gathering information for a feature story about men who were drafted to serve in the Vietnam War. Which of the following would be considered a primary source for this particular story?

  1. news stories about the Vietnam War
  2. a military recruiter
  3. a Vietnam-era veteran
  4. books about the antiwar movement
Answer
Correct Response: C.

Objective 010
Understand interviewing techniques.

12. When journalists plan to use interviews to gather information for a story, which of the following questions should they consider first?

  1. How quickly do I need to have this information?
  2. What is it that I need to learn more about?
  3. What types of questions will I need to ask?
  4. Who can give me the information that I need?
Answer
Correct Response: B.

GRAPHICS, DESIGN, AND PRODUCTION OF MEDIA

Objective 011
Understand techniques and equipment for taking, processing, and editing photographs.

13. When a photographer is working with a single-lens-reflex (SLR) camera, adjusting the f-stop will most significantly influence which of the following elements of a photograph?

  1. degree of brightness
  2. lines of force
  3. depth of field
  4. size of images
Answer
Correct Response: C.

Objective 012
Understand publication design and layout.

14. An editor wants to maintain a consistent visual style throughout a student newspaper. Which of the following typographical decisions would most effectively address this goal?

  1. using fonts within one type family
  2. setting all cutlines in extended type
  3. using a novelty font for teasers
  4. setting all headlines in small caps
Answer
Correct Response: A.

Objective 013
Understand characteristics and functions of visual elements.

15. Which of the following graphic processes can be most easily executed with a basic drawing software program?

  1. developing subtle color variations
  2. maintaining accurate proportions
  3. rearranging elements of the artwork
  4. shading objects and facial features
Answer
Correct Response: C.

Objective 014
Understand uses of computer technology in media production.

16. One of the primary advantages of desktop publishing technology is that it allows student journalists to:

  1. gain access to online news services.
  2. create camera-ready pages for a printer.
  3. publish in several different languages.
  4. use color graphics and photographs.
Answer
Correct Response: B.

STUDENT PRESS AND PUBLICATIONS

Objective 015
Understand the evaluation, formats, and functions of student media.

17. The adviser for a student newspaper arranges for an exchange of newspapers with other schools. This sort of exchange can be used most appropriately and effectively to help student journalists:

  1. obtain stories for their own paper.
  2. develop competitive instincts for journalistic work.
  3. find mistakes in other papers.
  4. see different ways to present news in their paper.
Answer
Correct Response: D.

Objective 016
Understand planning and management for student media.

18. When dealing with letters to the editor, student newspapers are most likely to have which of the following policies?

  1. The editorial board may edit a letter for length or good taste.
  2. The faculty adviser must approve the publication of any letter.
  3. Anonymous letters can be submitted and will be published.
  4. Topics for letters must be related to the interests of school.
Answer
Correct Response: A.

Objective 017
Understand the role of business and advertising in media.

19. When selecting appropriate graphic elements to include in an advertisement, which of the following questions should a designer consider first?

  1. Does this element match the mood of the ad?
  2. Will this element be memorable for the viewer?
  3. Can this element be sized to fit in this ad?
  4. Is creating this element cost-effective for this ad?
Answer
Correct Response: A.

Objective 018
Understand the roles and responsibilities of the student media adviser.

20. Which of the following is one of the primary functions of the Michigan Interscholastic Press Association?

  1. offering placement services for graduates with journalism degrees
  2. promoting mentor relationships between professional and scholastic journalists
  3. providing free legal representation to journalism advisers and students
  4. giving journalism teachers, advisers, and students opportunities to exchange ideas
Answer
Correct Response: D.